A novel phase change material containing mesoporous silica nanoparticles for thermal storage: A study on thermal conductivity and viscosity
In this research, mesoporous silica (MPSiO2) nanoparticles were dispersed in n-octadecane as an organic phase
change material (PCM) in order to produce a novel composite for thermal storage. Stable PCMs containing 1 wt.%, 3 wt.% and 5 wt.% MPSiO2 nanoparticles (PCM/MPSiO2) were fabricated by dispersing MPSiO2 in PCM. MPSiO2 particleswere investigated by SEMand TEMtechniques,which showed high order of porosity and spherical particles of ca. 300 nm. The thermal conductivity in both solid and liquid phases was measured by transient plane source (TPS) technique in the temperature range of 5–55 °C. A maximum thermal conductivity enhancement of 5% for 3 wt.%MPSiO2 at 5 °C, and 6% for 5 wt.%MPSiO2 at 55 °C was experimentally obtained. Moreover, it was observed that enhancement in thermal conductivity is non-monotonic in solid phase with increasing MPSiO2 particle loading. The viscosity results showed that for mass fractions of nanoparticles greater than 3% in liquid PCM, the behavior of liquid is non-Newtonian. Also, the viscosity of PCM containingMPSiO2 nanoparticles was measured to be increased up to 60% compared to the liquid PCM for 5 wt.% MPSiO2 at 35 °C.